بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

مصطلح الصَّلَاة
1 - (المصطلح كما ورد في " بنك المصطلحات الإسلامية" )
معناه لغة

الصَّلَاة: الدُّعَاء. يُقَال: صلَّى صَلَاة وَلَا يُقَال تصلية. وَـــ: الْعِبَادَة الْمَخْصُوصَة المبيَّنة حُدُود أَوْقَاتهَا فِي الشَّرِيعَة. وَـــ: الرَّحْمَة [ج: صلوات] (مجمع اللغة العربية بالقاهرة، 2004)
معناه اصطلاحا

الصَّلَاة: قَال الْجُمْهُورُ: هِيَ أَقْوَالٌ وَأَفْعَالٌ مَعْلُومَةٌ، مُفْتَتَحَةٌ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ مُخْتَتَمَةٌ بِالتَّسْلِيمِ، مَعَ النِّيَّةِ بِشَرَائِطَ مَخْصُوصَةٍ. (وزارة الأوقاف والشؤون الإسلامية الكويتية، 1983 - بتصرف)

كتابته صوتيا
ṣalāħ
ترجمته
English
Muslim ritual prayer
مرادفاته
English
ṣalāħ


تعليق عما سبق:
· تم بيان المعنيين اللغوي والاصطلاحي للصلاة بأكمل صورة ووضوح.
· الأصح ،والله أعلم، أن نقول الترجمة (ṣalāħ) والمرادف أو الشرح (Muslim ritual prayer).

2 - تعريف الصَّلَاة في المعاجم والمراجع والمصادر الإنجليزية :

· Prayer: A supplication intended for the person who prays. Only very dull people doubt its efficacy.
· Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with a deity, an object of worship, or a spiritual entity through deliberate communication. Prayer can be a form of religious practice, may be either individual or communal and take place in public or in private.

https://www.definitions.net/definition/prayer
· salat

(səˈlɑːt)
pl n
(Islam) Islam an obligatory series of prayers performed facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca
https://www.thefreedictionary.com/salat

· Thomas Patrick Hughes says:" We translate the Arabic Salat, and the Persian Namaz by the English word prayer, although this "second foundation" of the religion of Muhammad is something quite distinct from that prayer which the Christian poet so well describes as the "soul's sincere desire uttered or unexpressed." It would be correct to speak of the Muhammadan Salat as a service: a "prayer" being more correctly rendered by the Arabic du'a'. In Islam, prayer is reduced to a mechanical act, as distinct from a mental act; and in judging of the spiritual character of Muhammadanism, we must take into careful consideration the precise character of that devotional service which every Muslim is required to render to God at least five times a day, and which undoubtedly, exercises so great an influence. upon the character of the followers of Muhammad."

http://qurango.com/w.htm.

· "The word salah is commonly translated as "prayer" but this definition might be confusing. Muslims use the words "dua" or "supplication" when referring to the common definition of prayers which is "reverent petitions made to God ."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salah
· salat

[suh-laht]
noun Islam.
1. prayers, said five times a day: the second of the Pillars of Islam.

https://www.dictionary.com/browse/salat

· Salah is the practice of formal worship in Islam. Its importance for Muslims is indicated by its status as one of the Five Pillars of Islam, with a few dispensations for those for whom it would be difficult. People who find it physically difficult can perform Salah in a way suitable for them. To perform valid Salah, Muslims must be in a state of ritual purity, which is mainly achieved by ritual ablution, according to prescribed procedures.
https://www.definitions.net/definition/Salah

· salat
noun
sa· lat | \səˈlät\
variants: or less commonly salah \ - lä \
plural -s
Definition of salat (Entry 2 of 2)
: a ritual prayer of Muslims made five times daily in a standing position alternating with inclinations and prostrations as the worshiper faces toward Mecca.
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/salat
· salat
BrE /səˈlɑːt/

; NAmE /səˈlɑːt/
[uncountable]
The Muslim act of praying five times a day, one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionari.../salat?q=sALAT

· Definition of 'salat'
English: salat
salat in British

(səˈlɑːt)
plural noun
Islam
an obligatory series of prayers performed facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/di.../english/salat

3 – نختم بهذا الاقتباس الذي يمثل وجهة نظرنا في كيفية ترجمة المصطلح:
الدكتور " علي عزت بيجوفيتش": أول رئيس للبوسنة والهرسك، عمل مستشارا قبلها لمدة خمس وعشرين سنة. يجيد د. علي عزت بيجوفيتش عدة لغات ويكتب بها، وهي الإنجليزية والفرنسية والألمانية و البوسنية ، فضلا إجادة العربية.
إليك هذا الاقتباس من أشهر أشهر كتبة(الإسلام بين الشرق والغرب: Islam between East and West ) ، والذي كانت أولى طبعاته 1985م:
" It is not possible to express Islam using European terminology. The Islamic terms Salah, Zakah, Khilafa, Jama'ah, Wudu and so forth are not prayer, tax, ruler, community and washing. The definition is that Islam is a synthesis between religion and materialism that it exists in the middle between Christianity and Socialism .Islam is neither a simple arithmetical mean between these two teachings, not their average. Salah, Zakah, Wudu are more indivisible since they express an intimate and simple feeling ,a certainty which is expressed with one word and one picture only but which still represents a logically dual connection ,the parallel with man is obvious .Man is its measure and its explanation."
(Izetbegovic,1994)
وفي هذا المجال ، يلفت " د. الرئيس علي عزت بيجوفيتش" النظر إلى أن عداء الغرب الحالي للإسلام ليس مجرد امتداد للعداء التقليدي والصدام الحضاري - الذي وصل إلى صراع عسكري بين الإسلام والغرب، منذ الحملات الصليبية حتى حروب الاستقلال - وإنما يرجع هذا العداء بصفة خاصة إلى تجربة الغرب التاريخية مع الدين ، وإلى عجزه عن فهم طبيعة الإسلام المتميزة، وهو يطرح لذلك سببين جوهريين وراء هذا العجز وهما:
1. طبيعة العقل الأوربي أحادي النظرة.
2.قصور اللغات الأوربية عن استيعاب المصطلحات الإسلامية.
سدد الله خطاكم وأكرمكم بالعلم والعمل به.